E-ISSN 2790-2218
 

Research Article

Online Publishing Date: 05 / 11 / 2023



Assessment of the serum biochemical changes in Eimeria tenella-challenged broiler chickens pre-treated with methanol extracts of Ganoderma lucidum, Vernonia amygdalina leaves, and Vitellaria paradoxa stem bark

Paul Terkende Hambesha, Ochuko Orakpoghenor, Paul Ayuba Abdu, Isa Danladi Jatau, Tagang Aluwong.


Abstract
Objectives: In this study, the changes in serum biochemical parameters in broiler chickens pre-ad¬ministered with methanol extracts of Ganoderma lucidum, Vernonia amygdalina leaves, and Vitellaria paradoxa stem bark and challenged with Eimeria tenella were assessed.
Materials and Methods: One hundred 1-day-old Abor acre broiler chicks were randomly divided into 10 groups as follows: A1, A2, B1, B2, C1, C2, D1, D2, E, and F. From 14 to 20 days of age (doa), extracts of G. lucidum were administered to groups A1 and A2; V. amygdalina to B1 and B2; V. paradoxa to C1 and C2; Amprolium to D1 and D2; and E was the positive control, while F was the negative control. At 21 doa, each bird in groups A2, B2, C2, D2, and E were challenged orally with E. tenella sporulated oocysts. Blood was collected at 14, 21, and 28 doa into labelled plain tubes and analyzed for biochemical parameters.
Results: The outcomes revealed no significant differences (p > 0.05) in the biochemical param¬eters in all groups of broiler chickens at 14 and 21 doa. At 28 doa, there were significantly (p < 0.05) decreased superoxide dismutase (SOD) and increased catalase (CAT) activities in challenged groups than in unchallenged groups. Among the challenged groups, there was a non-significantly (p > 0.05) lower SOD activity, higher CAT, glutathione peroxidase activities, and malondialdehyde level in group E than in groups A2, B2, C2, and D2.
Conclusion: The pre-treatment of E. tenella-challenged broiler chickens with the methanol extracts of G. lucidum, V. amygdalina leaf, and V. paradoxa stem bark significantly ameliorated changes in SOD and CAT activities.

Key words: Eimeria tenella; serum biochemical changes; methanol extract; Ganoderma lucidum; Vernonia amygdalina; Vitellaria paradoxa


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Hambesha PT, Orakpoghenor O, Abdu PA, Jatau ID, Aluwong T. Assessment of the serum biochemical changes in Eimeria tenella-challenged broiler chickens pre-treated with methanol extracts of Ganoderma lucidum, Vernonia amygdalina leaves, and Vitellaria paradoxa stem bark. Vet. Res. Notes. 2023; 3(10): 79-85. doi:10.5455/vrn.2023.c32


Web Style

Hambesha PT, Orakpoghenor O, Abdu PA, Jatau ID, Aluwong T. Assessment of the serum biochemical changes in Eimeria tenella-challenged broiler chickens pre-treated with methanol extracts of Ganoderma lucidum, Vernonia amygdalina leaves, and Vitellaria paradoxa stem bark. https://www.vetresnotes.com/?mno=168035 [Access: February 14, 2024]. doi:10.5455/vrn.2023.c32


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Hambesha PT, Orakpoghenor O, Abdu PA, Jatau ID, Aluwong T. Assessment of the serum biochemical changes in Eimeria tenella-challenged broiler chickens pre-treated with methanol extracts of Ganoderma lucidum, Vernonia amygdalina leaves, and Vitellaria paradoxa stem bark. Vet. Res. Notes. 2023; 3(10): 79-85. doi:10.5455/vrn.2023.c32



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Hambesha PT, Orakpoghenor O, Abdu PA, Jatau ID, Aluwong T. Assessment of the serum biochemical changes in Eimeria tenella-challenged broiler chickens pre-treated with methanol extracts of Ganoderma lucidum, Vernonia amygdalina leaves, and Vitellaria paradoxa stem bark. Vet. Res. Notes. (2023), [cited February 14, 2024]; 3(10): 79-85. doi:10.5455/vrn.2023.c32



Harvard Style

Hambesha, P. T., Orakpoghenor, . O., Abdu, . P. A., Jatau, . I. D. & Aluwong, . T. (2023) Assessment of the serum biochemical changes in Eimeria tenella-challenged broiler chickens pre-treated with methanol extracts of Ganoderma lucidum, Vernonia amygdalina leaves, and Vitellaria paradoxa stem bark. Vet. Res. Notes, 3 (10), 79-85. doi:10.5455/vrn.2023.c32



Turabian Style

Hambesha, Paul Terkende, Ochuko Orakpoghenor, Paul Ayuba Abdu, Isa Danladi Jatau, and Tagang Aluwong. 2023. Assessment of the serum biochemical changes in Eimeria tenella-challenged broiler chickens pre-treated with methanol extracts of Ganoderma lucidum, Vernonia amygdalina leaves, and Vitellaria paradoxa stem bark. Veterinary Research Notes, 3 (10), 79-85. doi:10.5455/vrn.2023.c32



Chicago Style

Hambesha, Paul Terkende, Ochuko Orakpoghenor, Paul Ayuba Abdu, Isa Danladi Jatau, and Tagang Aluwong. "Assessment of the serum biochemical changes in Eimeria tenella-challenged broiler chickens pre-treated with methanol extracts of Ganoderma lucidum, Vernonia amygdalina leaves, and Vitellaria paradoxa stem bark." Veterinary Research Notes 3 (2023), 79-85. doi:10.5455/vrn.2023.c32



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Hambesha, Paul Terkende, Ochuko Orakpoghenor, Paul Ayuba Abdu, Isa Danladi Jatau, and Tagang Aluwong. "Assessment of the serum biochemical changes in Eimeria tenella-challenged broiler chickens pre-treated with methanol extracts of Ganoderma lucidum, Vernonia amygdalina leaves, and Vitellaria paradoxa stem bark." Veterinary Research Notes 3.10 (2023), 79-85. Print. doi:10.5455/vrn.2023.c32



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Hambesha, P. T., Orakpoghenor, . O., Abdu, . P. A., Jatau, . I. D. & Aluwong, . T. (2023) Assessment of the serum biochemical changes in Eimeria tenella-challenged broiler chickens pre-treated with methanol extracts of Ganoderma lucidum, Vernonia amygdalina leaves, and Vitellaria paradoxa stem bark. Veterinary Research Notes, 3 (10), 79-85. doi:10.5455/vrn.2023.c32





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