E-ISSN 2790-2218
 

Review Article

Online Publishing Date:
03 / 11 / 2023



Medicinal plants used against poultry diseases in Zimbabwe: A systematic review

Alfred Maroyi.


Abstract
The current study was aimed at documenting ethnoveterinary medicines (EVMs) used against poultry diseases in Zimbabwe and local ecological knowledge (LEK) associated with the docu¬mented plant species. Information related to EVMs used against poultry diseases in Zimbabwe was systematically collected using relevant keywords from online databases such as BioMed Central, Web of Science, SpringerLink, Google Scholar, Scielo, PubMed, Science Direct, ACS Publications, Scopus and JSTOR, books, dissertations, theses, and scientific reports. This study showed that 69 species are traditionally used to manage poultry diseases in Zimbabwe. Most of the plant species (79.01%) that are used in poultry treatment and management are wild and 29.0% are exotic, cultivated, or naturalized. These species are used against 22 medical conditions, mainly in the treatment and management of coccidiosis, Newcastle, cough, diarrhea, wounds, and ectopar¬asites. Adenia gummifera, Aloe arborescens, Aloe chabaudii, Aloe greatheadii, Actaea spicata, Bobgunnia madagascariensis, Capsicum annuum, Capsicum frutescens, Cynanchum viminale, and Erythrina abyssinica have the highest number of EVM uses. This review highlights the importance of EVMs for the healthcare of poultry in Zimbabwe. Therefore, detailed ethnopharmacological evaluations of the species focusing on their phytochemistry, pharmacological properties, toxico¬logical evaluations, in vivo and clinical research investigations are recommended.

Key words: Ethnoveterinary medicine; herbal medicine; indigenous knowledge; local ecological knowledge; natural compounds; Zimbabwe


 
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Pubmed Style

Alfred Maroyi. Medicinal plants used against poultry diseases in Zimbabwe: A systematic review. Vet. Res. Notes. 2023; 3(9): 69-78. doi:10.5455/vrn.2023.c31


Web Style

Alfred Maroyi. Medicinal plants used against poultry diseases in Zimbabwe: A systematic review. https://www.vetresnotes.com/?mno=169779 [Access: March 07, 2024]. doi:10.5455/vrn.2023.c31


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Alfred Maroyi. Medicinal plants used against poultry diseases in Zimbabwe: A systematic review. Vet. Res. Notes. 2023; 3(9): 69-78. doi:10.5455/vrn.2023.c31



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Alfred Maroyi. Medicinal plants used against poultry diseases in Zimbabwe: A systematic review. Vet. Res. Notes. (2023), [cited March 07, 2024]; 3(9): 69-78. doi:10.5455/vrn.2023.c31



Harvard Style

Alfred Maroyi (2023) Medicinal plants used against poultry diseases in Zimbabwe: A systematic review. Vet. Res. Notes, 3 (9), 69-78. doi:10.5455/vrn.2023.c31



Turabian Style

Alfred Maroyi. 2023. Medicinal plants used against poultry diseases in Zimbabwe: A systematic review. Veterinary Research Notes, 3 (9), 69-78. doi:10.5455/vrn.2023.c31



Chicago Style

Alfred Maroyi. "Medicinal plants used against poultry diseases in Zimbabwe: A systematic review." Veterinary Research Notes 3 (2023), 69-78. doi:10.5455/vrn.2023.c31



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Alfred Maroyi. "Medicinal plants used against poultry diseases in Zimbabwe: A systematic review." Veterinary Research Notes 3.9 (2023), 69-78. Print. doi:10.5455/vrn.2023.c31



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Alfred Maroyi (2023) Medicinal plants used against poultry diseases in Zimbabwe: A systematic review. Veterinary Research Notes, 3 (9), 69-78. doi:10.5455/vrn.2023.c31





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